Inhibited and enhanced nucleation of gold nanoparticles at the water1,2-dichloroethane interface

Yvonne Gründer, Huong L T Ho, J. Fred W Mosselmans, Sven L M Schroeder, Robert A W Dryfe

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The deposition of gold at the interface between immiscible electrolyte solutions has been investigated using reduction of tetrachloroaurate or tetrabromoaurate in 1,2-dichloroethane, with aqueous phase hexacyanoferrate as reducing agent. In a clean environment without defects present at the interface, the Au(iii) complex was reduced to the Au(i) complex, but no solid phase formation could be observed. A deposition process could only be observed through the addition of artificial nucleation sites in the form of palladium nanoparticles at the interface. This process could be associated with the reduction of the Au(i) halide complex to metallic gold, by determining the gold reduction potentials in 1,2-dichloroethane. XANES measurements indicate that tetrachloroaurate ion transfers intact into the organic phase, with the central Au atom retaining its oxidation state of +3 and the overall anion remaining charged at -1. This journal is © the Owner Societies.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)15681-15689
    Number of pages8
    JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
    Issue number34
    Publication statusPublished - 14 Sept 2011


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