Diabetes is known to activate MAP kinase p38 in sensory neurons in both rats and patients. In vitro, activation of p38 in sensory neurons by combined glucose and oxidant stress causes cell damage or death. Consequently we tested the hypothesis that inhibition of MAP kinase p38 might prevent neuronal dysfunction in rats with experimental diabetes, such as the classical defect of slowed nerve conduction. Thus, treatment of streptozotocin-diabetic rats with the p38 inhibitor SB239063 for the second half of a 12-week diabetes protocol selectively prevented the nerve conduction deficit in sensory neurons. This implicates activation of MAP kinase p38 as an early step in the signal pathway to dysfunction in experimental diabetic neuropathy.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
- Aldose reductase
- Nerve conduction
- p38 MAP kinase