Innovation intermediaries for university‑industry R&D collaboration: evidence from science parks in Thailand

Tinnakorn Phongthiya, Khaleel Malik, Eva Niesten, Tanyanuparb Anantana

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Abstract

This paper investigates how science parks (SPs) act as innovation intermediaries to facilitate university-industry research and development (U-I R&D) collaboration and how the SPs’ roles infuence the collaboration efectiveness. Data was collected from documents and interviews with 52 participants in 19 collaboration projects across four SPs in northern Thailand. This data is unique because it includes the perspectives of the SPs’ project managers as well as those of the university researchers, frm owners and managers in a developing economy context. Our fndings show that the SPs performed consulting, brokering, mediating, and providing resource roles and thereby enhanced the attributes of researchers, frms, relationships between partners and collaboration projects, to ultimately improve the success of the collaborations. The SPs in Thailand are not only property-based organisations that provide space and facilities for frms to locate in. It is the SPs’ active involvement in the U-I R&D collaboration that contributes to its efectiveness. SPs in a developing economy thus evolve their roles to ofer greater support to frms in low-tech industries. We
also ofer evidence of trade-of efects and show how the SPs’ roles and attributes of frms, researchers and relationships can substitute for one another to create efective U-I R&D collaborations.

Keywords University-industry R&D collaboration · Innovation intermediaries · Science parks · Collaboration efectiveness · Low-tech industries · Developing economy
JEL Classifcation · O32 · O39 · O53
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Technology Transfer
Early online date3 Nov 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Nov 2021

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