Institutions and governance: Public staff management in Tanzania

William Mccourt, Benson Bana, Willy McCourt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The importance of institutions is one of the distinctive features of the new governance model. This article is an empirical study of how the institutional framework affects the way public servants are managed in Tanzania. In the 'Ujamaa' period, staffing institutions were placed under the control of the ruling party so that they would serve national development objectives, but the effect was to contaminate the efficiency and integrity of government. The legal framework conferred excessive powers on the President, and centralised staffing authority in agencies which were largely rubber-stamping bodies, and it allowed duplication of functions between central and line agencies. Recent reforms have not altered this situation. In a climate of corruption and favouritism, there was little confidence in the integrity of civil service staffing. There was a need to strengthen its independence, to devolve and to align the institution governing it with current political and development objectives while controlling corruption at lower levels. Our findings may have an application to the institutions of government as a whole. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-407
Number of pages12
JournalPublic Administration and Development
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006


  • Capacity building
  • Civil service reform
  • Corruption
  • Governance
  • Human resource management
  • Institutions
  • Law
  • Tanzania

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • Global Development Institute


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