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Survey data collection costs have risen to a point where many survey researchers and polling companies are abandoning large, expensive probability-based samples in favour of less expensive nonprobability samples. The empirical literature suggests this strategy may be suboptimal for multiple reasons, amongst them probability samples tend to outperform nonprobability samples on accuracy when assessed against population benchmarks. However, nonprobability samples are often preferred due to convenience and cost effectiveness. Instead of forgoing probability sampling entirely, we propose a method of combining both probability and nonprobability samples in a way that exploits their strengths to overcome their weaknesses within a Bayesian inferential framework. By using simulated data, we evaluate supplementing inferences based on small probability samples with prior distributions derived from nonprobability data. We demonstrate that informative priors based on nonprobability data can lead to reductions in variances and mean-squared errors for linear model coefficients. The method is also illustrated with actual probability and nonprobability survey data. A discussion of these ndings, their implications for survey practice, and possible research extensions are provided in conclusion.
|Journal||Journal of Survey Statistics and Methodology|
|Publication status||Published - 27 Jan 2020|
- Bayesian inference
- quota sampling
- web surveys
- online panels
- data integration
FingerprintDive into the research topics of 'Integrating Probability and Nonprobability Samples for Survey Inference'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
- 2 Finished
Onah, C. N., Shlomo, N., Chandola, T., Schoch, D., Cuitún Coronado, J., Aparicio-Castro, A., Thestrup, S., Olsen, W. K., Cernat, A., Shryane, N., Wisniowski, A., Smith, D., Aparicio-Castro, A., Shafie, T., Hannemann, T., Morales-Gómez, A., Mellon, J., Troncoso Ruiz, P., Taub, J., Murphy, J., Guest, E., Kim, J., Watson, J., Pashazadeh, F., Hoór, D., Jones, P. & Gosling, Z.
1/08/19 → 30/09/22
Combining probability and non-probability samples to reduce survey errors and survey costs: a proof-of-concept study
Sakshaug, J. & Wisniowski, A.
1/10/17 → 31/03/18