Interbreed variation of DLA-DRB1, DQA1 alleles and haplotypes in the dog

Lorna J. Kennedy, Stuart D. Carter, Annette Barnes, Susan Bell, David Bennett, Bill Ollier, Wendy Thomson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Although 36 DLA-DRB1 and 10 DLA-DQA1 allele sequences have been published to date, no data on individual allele frequencies exists, either for specific breeds or cross breeds, and the full extent of the polymorphism at each of these loci is still not known. We have used sequence-specific oligonucleotide probing (SSOP) to characterise a series of 367 dogs for their DRB1 and DQA1 alleles. These included individual animals from over 60 different breeds, with numbers per breed ranging from 1 to 39. DLA types were generated from 218 dogs for DRB1 and from 330 dogs for DQA1, while 181 dogs were characterised for both these loci. The frequency of individual DRB1 and DQA1 alleles showed considerable interbreed variation, e.g. 83% of West Highland White Terriers were DRB1*01 as opposed to 9% of Collies. No breed had >9 of the 22 DRB1 types defined in this study; several breeds had only two DRB1 types. DLA-DQA1 showed less variation in allele numbers per breed, but also showed considerable interbreed frequency variation. Haplotype analysis revealed over 44 different DRB1/DQA1 combinations. Of these, 25 were in a number of animals, and also in an animal that was homozygous for one or both of these loci. Some DRB1 alleles could be found in combination with several different DQA1 alleles, while others were only present in one haplotypic combination. DLA allele frequency data in normal dogs will be critical for disease association studies. It may also be possible to use haplotype data to establish the genetic relationships between different dog breeds.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)101-111
    Number of pages10
    JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
    Issue number2-4
    Publication statusPublished - 2 Aug 1999


    • DLA-DQA1
    • DLA-DRB1
    • Dog
    • Genetics


    Dive into the research topics of 'Interbreed variation of DLA-DRB1, DQA1 alleles and haplotypes in the dog'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this