Spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE) and neutron reflection (NR) data for the adsorption of a monoclonal antibody (mAb, termed COE-3, pI 8.44) at the bare SiO2/water interface are compared here to the simulations based on Derjaguin–Landau–Verwey–Overbeek theory. COE-3 adsorption was characterized by an initial rapid increase in the surface-adsorbed amount (Γ) followed by a plateau. Only the initial rate of the increase in Γ was strongly correlated with the bulk concentration (0.002–0.2 mg/mL), with Γ at the plateau being about 2.2 mg/m2 (pH 5.5). Simulations captured COE-3 adsorption at equilibrium most accurately, the point at which the outgoing flux of molecules within the adsorbed plane matched the adsorption flux. Increasing the buffer pH from 5.5 to 9 increased Γ at equilibrium to ∼3 mg/m2 (0.02 mg/mL COE-3), revealing a dominant role for lateral repulsion between adsorbed mAb molecules. In contrast, increasing the buffer ionic strength (pH 6) reduced Γ, which was captured by simulations accounting for electrostatic screening by ions, in addition to mAb/SiO2 attractive forces and lateral repulsion. NR data at the same bulk concentrations corroborated the SE data, albeit with slightly higher Γ due to longer adsorption times for data acquisition; for example, at pH 9, Γ was 3.6 mg/m2 (0.02 mg/mL COE-3), equivalent to a relatively high volume fraction of 0.5. An adsorbed monolayer with a thickness of 50–52 Å was consistently determined by NR, corresponding to the short axial lengths of fragment antigen-binding and fragment crystallization and implying minimal structural perturbation. Thus, the simulations enabled a mechanistic interpretation of the experimental data of mAb adsorption at the SiO2/water interface.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces|
|Early online date||7 Dec 2017|
|Publication status||Published - 10 Jan 2018|
- antibody; interfacial adsorption; mAbs; neutron reflection; self-assembly; structural unfolding
Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms
- Manchester Institute of Biotechnology