Interleukin (IL)-18, a member of the IL-1 cytokine family, is an important mediator of peripheral inflammation and host defence responses. IL-1 is a key proinflammatory cytokine in the brain, but the role of IL-18 in the CNS is not yet clear. The objective of this study was to investigate the actions of IL-18 on mouse glial cells. IL-18 induced intracellular expression of IL-1α and proIL-1β, and release of IL-6 from mixed glia. Treatment of lipopolysaccharide-primed microglia with adenosine triphosphate (ATP), an endogenous secondary stimulus, induced IL-1β and IL-18 release. Although deletion of the IL-18 gene did not affect IL-1β expression or release in this experimental paradigm, IL-1β knockout microglia released significantly less IL-18 compared to wild-type microglia. In addition, ATP induced release of mature IL-1β from IL-18-primed microglia. These data suggest that IL-18 may contribute to inflammatory responses in the brain, and demonstrate that, in spite of several common features, IL-18 and IL-1β differ in their regulation and actions.
Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms
- Manchester Institute of Biotechnology