Interspecies exciton interactions lead to enhanced nonlinearity of dipolar excitons and polaritons in MoS2 homobilayers

Charalambos Louca, Armando Genco, Salvatore Chiavazzo, Thomas Lyons, Sam Randerson, Chiara Trovatello, Peter Claronino, Rahul Jayaprakash, Xuerong Hu, James Howarth, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Stefano Dal Conte, Roman Gorbachev, David Lidzey, Giulio Cerullo, Oleksandr Kyriienko, Alexander Tartakovskii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Nonlinear interactions between excitons strongly coupled to light are key for accessing quantum many-body phenomena in polariton systems. Atomically-thin two-dimensional semiconductors provide an attractive platform for strong light-matter coupling owing to many controllable excitonic degrees of freedom. Among these, the recently emerged exciton hybridization opens access to unexplored excitonic species, with a promise of enhanced interactions. Here, we employ hybridized interlayer excitons (hIX) in bilayer MoS 2 to achieve highly nonlinear excitonic and polaritonic effects. Such interlayer excitons possess an out-of-plane electric dipole as well as an unusually large oscillator strength allowing observation of dipolar polaritons (dipolaritons) in bilayers in optical microcavities. Compared to excitons and polaritons in MoS 2 monolayers, both hIX and dipolaritons exhibit ≈ 8 times higher nonlinearity, which is further strongly enhanced when hIX and intralayer excitons, sharing the same valence band, are excited simultaneously. This provides access to an unusual nonlinear regime which we describe theoretically as a mixed effect of Pauli exclusion and exciton-exciton interactions enabled through charge tunnelling. The presented insight into many-body interactions provides new tools for accessing few-polariton quantum correlations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3818
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2023


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