Interval-valued Evidence Updating with Reliability and Sensitivity Analysis for Fault Diagnosis

Xiaobin Xu, Zhen Zhang, Dong Xu, Yu-Wang Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Information fusion methods based on Dempster-Shafer evidence theory (DST) have been widely used in fault diagnosis. In DST-based methods, the monitoring information collected from sensors is modeled as multiple pieces of diagnosis evidence in the form of basic belief assignment (BBA), and Dempster’s rule is then used to combine these BBAs to obtain the fused BBA for diagnosis decision making. However, the belief structure with crisp singlevalued belief degrees in BBA may be too coarse to truthfully represent detailed fault information. Moreover, Dempster’s rule only uses a static combination process, which is unsuitable for dynamically fusing information collected at different time steps. In order to address these issues, the paper proposes a dynamic diagnosis method based on interval-valued evidential updating. First of all, the diagnosis evidence is constructed as an interval-valued belief structure (IBS), which provides a more informative scheme than BBA to model fault information. Secondly, the proposed evidential updating strategy can generate updated IBS as global diagnosis evidence by updating the previous evidence with the new incoming evidence recursively. Thirdly, the reliability and sensitivity indices are designed to evaluate and compare the performance of the proposed updating strategy with other commonly used strategies. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed evidential updating strategy is demonstrated through some typical fault experiments of a machine rotor.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)396-415
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Computational Intelligence Systems
Issue number3
Early online date12 Apr 2016
Publication statusPublished - May 2016


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