Intrinsic noise and two-dimensional maps: Quasicycles, quasiperiodicity, and chaos

César Parra-Rojas, Joseph D. Challenger, Duccio Fanelli, Alan J. McKane

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    © 2014 American Physical Society.We develop a formalism to describe the discrete-time dynamics of systems containing an arbitrary number of interacting species. The individual-based model, which forms our starting point, is described by a Markov chain, which in the limit of large system sizes is shown to be very well-approximated by a Fokker-Planck-like equation, or equivalently by a set of stochastic difference equations. This formalism is applied to the specific case of two species: one predator species and its prey species. Quasicycles, stochastic cycles sustained and amplified by the demographic noise, previously found in continuous-time predator-prey models are shown to exist, and their behavior predicted from a linear noise analysis is shown to be in very good agreement with simulations. The effects of the noise on other attractors in the corresponding deterministic map, such as periodic cycles, quasiperiodicity, and chaos, are also investigated.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number032135
    JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
    Volume90
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 24 Sept 2014

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