Invasive Aspergillus infections in allo-SCT recipients: Environmental sampling, nasal and oral colonization and galactomannan testing

A. Nihtinen, V. J. Anttila, M. Richardson, T. Ruutu, E. Juvonen, T. Meri, L. Volin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    A study was performed to investigate the air quality of a haematopoietic SCT ward, colonization of the upper airways with Aspergillus spp. and the role of galactomannan (GM) ELISA testing in serum in the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis (IA). In 102 allo-SCT recipients, two cases of IA (one proven and one probable) were seen. Of 2071 serum samples, 12 were positive, two in a patient with proven IA and 10 in patients without IA. Of the 2059 negative samples, 22 were taken from the patient with probable IA. Of the 245 environmental samples, 20 (8.2%) were positive for filamentous fungi. Aspergillus fumigatus was seen in 14 samples. A total of 657 oral and nasal swabs were taken. Seven nasal samples and one oral sample were positive for Aspergillus species (A. fumigatus 4, A. niger 4) in four patients, one of whom had probable IA. In summary, most environmental samples were negative, colonization of the oral and nasal cavities was rare and IA was diagnosed in only 2% of patients. The GM ELISA test remained negative in one of two patients with IA and does not seem useful in a population of patients with a low incidence of IA. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)333-338
    Number of pages5
    JournalBone Marrow Transplantation
    Volume45
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010

    Keywords

    • Aspergillus
    • Colonization
    • Galactomannan
    • SCT

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