Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis is associated with adverse clinical outcomes in critically ill patients receiving veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

Isabel Rodriguez-Goncer, Stephanie Thomas, Paul Foden, Malcolm Richardson, Alan Ashworth, Julian Barker, G Geraghty, Eavan Muldoon, Timothy Felton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To identify the incidence, risk factors and impact on long-term survival of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) and Aspergillus colonisation in patients receiving vv-extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).
Methods: A retrospective evaluation was performed of patients receiving vv-ECMO at a tertiary hospital in Manchester (UK) between January 2012 and December 2016. Data collected included epidemiological data, microbiological cultures, radiographic findings and outcomes. Cases were classified as proven IPA, putative IPA or Aspergillus colonisation according to a validated clinical algorithm.
Results: 134 patients were supported with vv-ECMO, median age of 45.5 years (range: 16.4- 73.4). Ten (7%) patients had putative IPA and 9 (7%) had Aspergillus colonisation. Half of the patients with putative IPA lacked classical host risk factors for IPA. Median number of days on ECMO prior to Aspergillus isolation was 5 days. Immunosuppression and influenza A infection were significantly associated with developing IPA in a logistic regression model. Cox regression model demonstrates a three times greater hazard of death associated with IPA. Overall 6-month mortality rate was 38%. Patients with putative IPA and colonized patients had a 6-month mortality rate of 80% and 11%, respectively.
Conclusions: Immunosuppression and Influenza A infection are independent risk factors for IPA. IPA, but not Aspergillus colonisation, is associated with high long-term mortality in patients supported with vv-ECMO.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Early online date6 Apr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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