Investigation of an alternative reaction pathway in the cyclization of ethyne to benzene on palladium: Cyclooctatetraene on Pd(111)

Adam F. Lee, Christopher J. Baddeley, Christopher Hardacre, Richard M. Lambert

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Cyclooctatetraene (COT) to benzene conversion can be induced on Pd(111) under conditions of (low) temperature and overlayer density similar to those that obtain during the trimerization of ethyne to benzene. Coadsorbed NO inhibits COT decomposition, but does not increase its reactivity; HREELS shows that COT drastically affects NO site occupancy. Coadsorbed C6D6 both inhibits decomposition and strongly enhances the reactivity of COT: almost 100% COT → benzene selectivity can be achieved. A consistent interpretation of the vibrational spectra and reactivity is given: flat-lying COT undergoes decomposition, μ4 tub-COT is unreactive, μ4 chair-COT is reactive. This explanation takes account of the effects of metal-mediated charge transfer on the geometry of adsorbed COT. C4H4 cannot be induced to undergo coupling to COT, even in the presence of C6D6 or NO, both of which strongly promote ethyne-to-benzene conversion. It is therefore argued that C2H2 → C4H4 → C8H8 → C6H6 (+C2H2) cannot be a major pathway in ethyne cyclization.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)7719-7725
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
    Volume117
    Issue number29
    Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 1995

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