Investigation of effective parameters on accumulation of low-density lipoproteins based on the multilayer wall of the carotid artery

Amin Deyranlou, Hamid Niazmand, Mahmood Reza Sadeghi

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Lipid core plaques are the major cause of the vascular stenosis and heart attacks. Accumulation of Low-Density Lipoproteins (LDLs) across the atherosclerotic lesions, leads to the hardening of the arterial wall and causes cross sectional narrowing of the artery. Among different arterial wall models, Multilayer model gives accurate LDL concentration across the layers. In this study LDL accumulation in the four-layer carotid artery is investigated numerically. Navier-Stokes equations along with Darcy’s model for the porous regions and the convection-diffusion mass transport equation are employed. Blood considered as a Newtonian fluid and the artery’s wall is assumed to be a porous rigid medium. Due to the negligible pulsatile effect of the flow on the LDL concentration, equations are solved in the steady state condition. In this paper LDL concentration across the layers is considered under normal blood pressure to examine effects of the LDL’s size and the hypertension on the LDL accumulation. Furthermore, a comparison between normal endothelium and the leaky junction is performed. Results indicate that the normal endothelium plays a crucial role in prevention LDL accumulation in the arterial wall.
Original languageMultiple
Pages (from-to)27-36
Number of pages10
JournalModares Mechanical Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 21 May 2014


  • Mass transport
  • Arterial wall
  • Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL)

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