Investigation of overlapped twisted tapes inserted in a double-pipe heat exchanger using two-phase nanofluid

Mehdi Ghalambaz, Hossein Arasteh, Ramin Mashayekhi, Amir Keshmiri, Pouyan Talebizadehsardari, Wahiba Yaïci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study investigated the laminar convective heat transfer and fluid flow of Al2 O3 nanofluid in a counter flow double-pipe heat exchanger equipped with overlapped twisted tape inserts in both inner and outer tubes. Two models of the same (co-swirling twisted tapes) and opposite (counter-swirling twisted tapes) angular directions for the stationary twisted tapes were considered. The computational fluid dynamic simulations were conducted through varying the design parameters, including the angular direction of twisted tape inserts, nanofluid volume concentration, and Reynolds number. It was found that inserting the overlapped twisted tapes in the heat exchanger significantly increases the thermal performance as well as the friction factor compared with the plain heat exchanger. The results indicate that models of co-swirling twisted tapes and counter-swirling twisted tapes increase the average Nusselt number by almost 35.2–66.2% and 42.1–68.7% over the Reynolds number ranging 250–1000, respectively. To assess the interplay between heat transfer enhancement and pressure loss penalty, the dimensionless number of performance evaluation criterion was calculated for all the captured configurations. Ultimately, the highest value of performance evaluation criterion is equal to 1.40 and 1.26 at inner and outer tubes at the Reynolds number of 1000 and the volume fraction of 3% in the case of counter-swirling twisted tapes model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1656
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2020


  • Double-pipe
  • Heat transfer
  • Nanofluid
  • Overlapped twisted tape
  • Two-phase


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