Latest developments in meibography: A review

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Meibography is a visualisation technique that has been used for over 40 years. There have been significant improvements in image quality, examination technique and image interpretation over this period. Although meibography has received sporadic reviews in the past, an updated review is timely due to the rapid recent rise of relevant technology and advances in both image processing and artificial intelligence. The primary aim of this paper is to review recent research into Meibomian gland imaging and update the community about the most relevant technologies and approaches used in the field.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-128
Number of pages10
JournalThe ocular surface
Early online date18 Jun 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2022


  • Artificial intelligence
  • Image processing
  • Meibography
  • Meibomian gland dysfunction
  • Meibomian gland imaging
  • Meibomian gland structure
  • Meibomian glands


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