Lexical-Functional Grammar: An Overview

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Lexical-Functional Grammar (LFG) is a model for the analysis of language in which different types of linguistic information are represented in separate dimensions, each with its own formalism. These dimensions are linked by mapping principles. In this article, I describe the architecture of the model and illustrate some dimensions of information and the mapping between them in more detail. I also provide an outline of the analysis of long-distance dependencies and control to illustrate the advantages of this type of model. I briefly mention some further areas where LFG has proven to be a useful tool for analysis and provide references for the reader to follow up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-172
Number of pages18
JournalAnnual Review of Linguistics
Early online date14 Jan 2020
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • a-structure
  • c-structure
  • f-structure
  • Lexical Mapping Theory
  • Lexical-Functional Grammar
  • parallel correspondence model
  • syntactic theory


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