Linear optimal control on a multi-PTO wave energy converter M4 with performance analysis

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It has been shown in many studies that control can improve the power capture of Wave Energy Converters (WECs). However, the majority has focused on simple point absorber WECs with one Power Take Off (PTO). As WEC design evolves, multi-PTO WECs have shown improved power capture. This raises the challenge of designing a controller to control multiple PTOs simultaneously. In this paper, we demonstrate that the previous proposed linear optimal controller can be re-designed to tackle multi-PTO WEC control problem. The 8-float 1-3-4 format M4 WEC with four parallel PTOs is chosen as a case study. The M4 design has been shown by experiments to be predominantly linear thus ideal for control design. The hydrodynamic couplings between different floats of the WEC are fully considered in the control-oriented state-space model. Numerical results show that the linear optimal control enables improvement of power capture of all PTOs. Application to different device headings is ongoing.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDevelopments in Renewable Energies Offshore
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 4th International Conference on Renewable Energies Offshore (RENEW 2020, 12-15 October 2020, Lisbon, Portugal)
EditorsGuedes Soares Carlos
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781003134572
ISBN (Print)9780367681319
Publication statusPublished - 13 Oct 2020


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