Linking brain structure, activity and cognitive function through computation

Steve Furber, Katrin Amunts, Javier DeFilipe, Cyriel Pennartz, Alain Destexhe, Michele Migliore, Philippe Ryvlin, Alois Knoll, Lise Bitsch, Jan G. Bjaalie, Yannis Ioannidis, Thomas Lippert, Maria V. Sanchez-Vives, Rainer Goebel, Victor Jirsa

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Abstract

Understanding the human brain is a “Grand Challenge” for 21st century research. Computational approaches enable large and complex datasets to be addressed efficiently, supported by artificial neural networks, modeling and simulation. Dynamic generative multiscale models, which enable the investigation of causation across scales and are guided by principles and theories of brain function, are instrumental for linking brain structure and function. An example of a resource enabling such an integrated approach to neuroscientific discovery is the BigBrain, which spatially anchors tissue models and data across different scales and ensures that multiscale models are supported by the data, making the bridge to both basic neuroscience and medicine. Research at the intersection of neuro-science, computing and robotics has the potential to advance neuro-inspired technologies by taking advantage of a growing body of insights into perception, plasticity and learning. To render data, tools and methods, theories, basic principles and concepts interoperable, the Human Brain Project (HBP) has launched EBRAINS, a digital neu-roscience research infrastructure, which brings together a transdisciplinary community of researchers united by the quest to understand the brain, with fascinating insights and perspectives for societal benefits.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberENEURO.0316-21.2022
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages37
JournaleNeuro
Volume9
Issue number2
Early online date25 Feb 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Brain
  • Cognition
  • Humans
  • Neural Networks, Computer
  • Neurosciences
  • Robotics

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