Local clusters in global value chains: Exploring dynamic linkages between Germany and Pakistan

Khalid Nadvi, Gerhard Halder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

365 Downloads (Pure)


Recent research has underlined the importance of external linkages for industrial clusters. Suppliers and buyers within a global value chain offer important external ties for cluster-based producers not only in terms of the distribution of physical goods, but also for knowledge flows and innovation. Globalization has intensified such value chain links, connecting geographically dispersed producers to global markets. Yet, there is limited research on how local clusters enter global chains or on ties between clusters in the developed and developing world. This study addresses this gap. It uses the case of the global surgical instrument industry to analyse connections and differences between the industry's leading production clusters in Germany and Pakistan. Global standards, low-cost competition, and advances in medical technology raise challenges for both clusters. The paper explores the responses to these challenges. It distinguishes between knowledge and production links to illustrate differentiation in each cluster, diverging trajectories and continuing ties. © 2005 Taylor & Francis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-363
Number of pages24
JournalEntrepreneurship and Regional Development
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2005


  • Developing countries
  • Global value chains
  • Industrial clusters
  • Innovation
  • Networks

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • Global Development Institute


Dive into the research topics of 'Local clusters in global value chains: Exploring dynamic linkages between Germany and Pakistan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this