Local Government reform programs and human resource capacity building in Africa: Evidence from Local Government Authorities (LGAs) in Tanzania

William Pallangyo, Christopher J. Rees

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Local Government Reform Program (LGRP) in Tanzania was introduced to improve the access and quality of services provided by Local Government Authorities (LGAs). The main aim of the study is to clarify the practice and impact of Human Resource Capacity Building with reference to the LGRP in Tanzania. The study adopted a three-dimensional frame work involving Human Resource Development (HRD), Organization Development (OD), and Institutional Development (ID) dimensions in order to gather primary and secondary data relating to Tanzania. The HRD findings revealed that the LGRP led to the introduction of training programs, upgraded working conditions, and revised management procedures. The OD dimension revealed the introduction of new organization structures, strategic plans, the involvement of employees in decision making, and culture change. It was concluded that, in relation to both HRD and OD, the LGRP resulted in positive impacts but had failed to address critical deficiencies such as poor training coordination, the inability to attract and retain skilled employees, and unsatisfactory working conditions. The ID dimension of the study identified the continued existence and application of old labor laws, a lack of fiscal autonomy at LGA level, contradictory policies, political interferences and donor dependence. The study concludes by highlighting specific recommendations and suggestions that relate to the LGRP in Tanzania. These include the involvement of politicians and lower levels of employees in training programs, the introduction of management development programs that focus upon the needs of LGAs, and improvements to employees' working conditions. Further suggestions include the amendment of contradictory laws and policies, the allocation of more tax collection resources, Human Resource and financial autonomies, and the developmen. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)728-739
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Public Administration
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • Africa
  • Human resource capacity
  • Human resource development
  • Institutional development
  • Local government reform program
  • Organization development
  • Tanzania

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • Global Development Institute


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