Long-term outcomes in patients (pts) with ipilimumab (ipi)-naive advanced melanoma in the phase 3 KEYNOTE-006 study who completed pembrolizumab (pembro) treatment.

Caroline Robert, Georgina V. Long, Jacob Schachter, Ana Arance, Jean Jacques Grob, Laurent Mortier, Adil Daud, Matteo S. Carlino, Catriona M. McNeil, Michal Lotem, James M. G. Larkin, Paul Lorigan, Bart Neyns, Christian U. Blank, Teresa M. Petrella, Omid Hamid, Honghong Zhou, Blanca Homet Moreno, Nageatte Ibrahim, Antoni Ribas

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review


Background: Pembro demonstrated superior PFS and OS vs ipi in ipi-naive pts with advanced melanoma in the phase 3 KEYNOTE-006 study (NCT01866319). Here, we present long-term outcomes for all pts and in those pts who completed pembro therapy. Methods: Eligible pts (N = 834) were randomized 1:1:1 to pembro 10 mg/kg Q2W, pembro 10 mg/kg Q3W, or ipi 3 mg/kg Q3W for 4 doses. Treatment was continued for 2 yr (pembro only) or until disease progression, intolerable toxicity, or pt/investigator decision to discontinue. Per protocol, pts could interrupt pembro for ≤12 wk before discontinuation was required. Tumor imaging was performed at wk 12, then every 6 wk up to wk 48 and every 12 wk thereafter. After the prespecified final analysis, response assessments were per immune-related response criteria (irRC) by investigator review. Results: As of the data cutoff (Nov 3, 2016), median follow-up in the total population was 33.9 mo (range, 32.1-37.6). 33-mo OS rates were 50% in the pooled pembro arms (n = 556) and 39% in the ipi arm (n = 278); 33-mo PFS rates were 31% and 14%. ORR was 42% and 16%. Median duration of response was not reached for pembro (range 1.0+ to 33.8+ mo) or ipi (1.1+ to 34.8+ mo); 46 (68%) pembro-treated pts and 7 (58%) ipi-treated pts had a response lasting ≥30 mo. Among the 104/556 (19%) pts who completed pembro, median exposure to pembro was 24.0 mo (range 22.1-25.9). After a median follow-up of 9.0 mo after completion of pembro, 102 (98%) pts were alive. Responses were durable in pts who completed pembro; 9.7 mo after completion of pembro, estimated PFS (95% CI) was 91% (80-96) in all 104 pts, 95% (69-99) in pts with complete response (n = 24), 91% (74-97) in pts with partial response (n = 68), and 83% (48-96) in pts with stable disease (n = 12). Conclusions: Pembro provides durable efficacy after stopping the protocol-specified duration of treatment in pts with ipi-naive advanced melanoma in KEYNOTE-006. The estimated risk for progression or death nearly 10 mo after completing pembro is 9% and does not appear to differ by best response to pembro. Clinical trial information: NCT01866319
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2017

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • Manchester Cancer Research Centre


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