OBJECTIVES: Treatment response is worse in obese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), including patients on weight-adjusted therapies like infliximab. We aimed to assess the association between body mass index (BMI) and changes in RA disease activity and radiographic progression over time.
METHODS: We included infliximab users with an RA diagnosis in the Swiss Clinical Quality Management in Rheumatic Diseases registry (1997-2020). Two cohorts were defined: (1) starting from their first BMI measurement or disease activity score (DAS28-esr), and (2) from their first BMI measurement or radiographic assessment (Rau score). We evaluated the coefficient and 95% CI of BMI with changes in mean DAS28-esr (cohort 1) and mean Rau scores (a structural joint damage score, cohort 2) using generalised estimation equations, overall and stratified by BMI categories.
RESULTS: Cohort 1 comprised 412 patients (74% women, mean age 53 years, mean BMI 25). We observed no change in mean DAS28-esr with increasing BMI overall (adjusted coefficient: 0.00, 95% CI -0.02 to 0.02), or in BMI categories. Cohort 2 comprised 187 patients highly alike to those in cohort 1. We observed a significant decrease of 1.05 in mean Rau scores for every increase in BMI unit (adjusted coefficient: -1.05, 95% CI -1.92 to -0.19). Results remained statistically non-significant across BMI categories.
CONCLUSIONS: Our longitudinal investigation suggests that BMI increase may not lead to changes in DAS28-esr in patients receiving infliximab, despite the weight-adapted dose. Yet, there may be a decrease in erosions with increasing weight non-limited to obese patients.
|Publication status||Published - 6 Oct 2023|
- Disease Activity
- rheumatoid arthritis