Looking into continuous casting mould

K. C. Mills, P. Ramirez-Lopez, P. D. Lee, B. Santillana, B. G. Thomas, R. Morales

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    When you look into the continuous casting mould you can see very little. Consequently, steelmakers have had to rely on plant trials, simulation experiments and physical property measurements on fluxes and steels to gain an understanding of the mechanisms responsible for process problems and product defects. However, in recent years, mathematical modelling has advanced to the stage where they can provide us with great insight into these mechanisms. As a nonmathematical modeller, I was initially sceptical of some of the predictions of the mathematical models. However, I have been completely won over by the ability of these models to simulate accurately the mechanisms responsible for various defects, such as slag entrapment, oscillation mark formation, etc. Mathematical modelling literally allows us to 'see' what is happening in the mould. It is a remarkable tool. © 2014 Institute of Materials.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)242-249
    Number of pages7
    JournalIronmaking & Steelmaking: processes, products and applications
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2014


    • Continuous casting
    • Defects
    • Mechanisms
    • Metal flow
    • Mould oscillation


    Dive into the research topics of 'Looking into continuous casting mould'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this