Loss mitigation in plasmonic solar cells: Aluminium nanoparticles for broadband photocurrent enhancements in gaas photodiodes

N. P. Hylton, X. F. Li, V. Giannini, K. H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, J. Loo, D. Vercruysse, P. Van Dorpe, H. Sodabanlu, M. Sugiyama, S. A. Maier

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    We illustrate the important trade-off between far-field scattering effects, which have the potential to provide increased optical path length over broad bands, and parasitic absorption due to the excitation of localized surface plasmon resonances in metal nanoparticle arrays. Via detailed comparison of photocurrent enhancements given by Au, Ag and Al nanostructures on thin-film GaAs devices we reveal that parasitic losses can be mitigated through a careful choice of scattering medium. Absorption at the plasmon resonance in Au and Ag structures occurs in the visible spectrum, impairing device performance. In contrast, exploiting Al nanoparticle arrays results in a blue shift of the resonance, enabling the first demonstration of truly broadband plasmon enhanced photocurrent and a 22% integrated efficiency enhancement.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number2874
    Pages (from-to)1-6
    Number of pages6
    JournalScientific Reports
    Volume3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 7 Oct 2013

    Keywords

    • applied physics
    • nanoparticles
    • nanophotonics and plasmonics
    • solar energy and photovoltaic technology

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Loss mitigation in plasmonic solar cells: Aluminium nanoparticles for broadband photocurrent enhancements in gaas photodiodes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this