Lytic xylan oxidases from wood-decay fungi unlock biomass degradation

Marie Couturier, Simon Ladevèze, Gerlind Sulzenbacher, Luisa Ciano, Mathieu Fanuel, Céline Moreau, Ana Villares, Bernard Cathala, Florence Chaspoul, Isabelle Herpoël-Gimbert, Sacha Grisel, Mireille Haon, Nicolas Lenfant, Hélène Rogniaux, David Ropartz, Gideon Davies, Marie-Noëlle Rosso, Paul H. Walton, Bernard Henrissat, Jean-Guy Berrin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Wood biomass is the most abundant feedstock envisioned for the development of modern biorefineries. However, the cost-ef-fective conversion of this form of biomass into commodity products is limited by its resistance to enzymatic degradation. Here we describe a new family of fungal lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs) prevalent among white-rot and brown-rot basidiomycetes that is active on xylans—a recalcitrant polysaccharide abundant in wood biomass. Two AA14 LPMO members from the white-rot fungus Pycnoporus coccineus substantially increase the efficiency of wood saccharification through oxida-tive cleavage of highly refractory xylan-coated cellulose fibers. The discovery of this unique enzyme activity advances our knowledge on the degradation of woody biomass in nature and offers an innovative solution for improving enzyme cocktails for biorefinery applications.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)306-310
    Number of pages5
    JournalNature chemical biology
    Volume14
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018

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