Mapping the Cu-BTC metal-organic framework (HKUST-1) stability envelope in the presence of water vapour for CO2 adsorption from flue gases

Nadeen Al-Janabi, P Hill, L Torrente-Murciano, A Garforth, P Gorgojo, F Siperstein, X L Fan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Cu-BTC metal-organic framework (HKUST-1) was evaluated as the model material for CO2 capture from flue gas streams. This paper presents an optimised hydrothermal synthesis of HKUST-1 and an analysis of water stability of HKUST-1. Substantial improvements of the hydrothermal synthesis process of HKUST-1 are shown to increase the quantitative yield up to 89.4% at 100 degrees C. Single-component adsorption experiments were carried out under conditions relevant for flue gases adsorption (45-60 degrees C, 0-1 barG) to evaluate the performance of HKUST-1 in terms of adsorption capacity, showing that the amount adsorbed of water can reach up to 21.7 mmol g(-1), about one order of magnitude higher than CO2 (1.75 mmol g(-1)) and almost two orders of magnitude higher than N-2 (0.17 mmol g(-1)). The hydration process of HKUST-1 framework was investigated using dynamic vapour adsorption under the flue gas emitting conditions. HKUST-1 is sensitive to humid streams and dynamic deformation of its porous structure takes place at 40-50 degrees C and various relative humidity values, leading to the irreversible decomposition of HKUST-1 framework and the consequent deterioration in its adsorption capacity. Under humid conditions, water displaces the organic linkers from the copper centres causing the collapse of HKUST-1 framework. These results provide fundamental knowledge to enable future material design for the modification of the hydrophilic nature of copper sites in HKUST-1 to improve its moisture stability. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)669-677
    Number of pages9
    JournalChemical Engineering Journal
    Volume281
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 9 Jul 2015

    Keywords

    • Stability

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