Mass spectrometry for structural analysis and quantification of the Major Urinary Proteins of the house mouse

Victoria Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Major Urinary Proteins (MUPs) of the house mouse, Mus musculus domesticus, are 18–19 kDa beta-barrel lipocalins that are involved in chemical communication between individuals. Many of them are excreted in urine where they play multiple roles, including coding of owner identity and transport, and slow release of bound volatile pheromones. One of them, darcin, is a pheromone in its own right and induces long-term memory for the identity and location of the scent mark owner. We have shown that mass spectrometric analysis of intact proteins, and their ion mobility behaviour, is capable of dissecting subtle structural differences between the members of this class of proteins. Moreover, mass spectrometric analysis of the intact proteins can contribute towards molecular phenotyping of MUPs. However, whilst allowing relative quantification, the ionisation propensity or gas phase properties of the individual MUPs may compromise absolute quantification. To solve the challenge of absolute quantification of MUP expression, we have designed and constructed a QconCAT built from endopeptidase LysC peptides that is capable of quantifying MUPs found in laboratory animal strains and some MUPs from wild caught individuals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-156
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Volume391
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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