Matched molecular pairs as a guide in the optimization of pharmaceutical properties; a study of aqueous solubility, plasma protein binding and oral exposure

Andrew G. Leach, Huw D. Jones, David A. Cosgrove, Peter W. Kenny, Linette Ruston, Philip MacFaul, J. Matthew Wood, Nicola Colclough, Brian Law

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

By identifying every pair of molecules that differ only by a particular, well-defined, structural transformation in a database of measured properties and computing the corresponding change in property, we obtain an overview of the effect that structural change has upon the property and set an expectation for what will happen when that transformation is applied elsewhere. The mean change indicates the expected magnitude of the change in the property and the number of cases in which the property increases give the probability that the structural transformation will cause the property to increase. Outliers indicate potential ways of avoiding the general trend. Comparing to changes in lipophilicity highlights structural transformations that have unusual effects, some of which can be explained by conformational changes. In this paper, we focus upon the effects on aqueous solubility, plasma protein binding and oral exposure of adding substituents to aromatic rings and methylating heteroatoms.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6672-6682
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume49
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2006

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