MAXI J1848-015: The First Detection of Relativistically Moving Outflows from a Globular Cluster X-Ray Binary

A. Bahramian, E. Tremou, A. J. Tetarenko, J. C. A. Miller-Jones, R. P. Fender, S. Corbel, D. R. A. Williams, J. Strader, F. Carotenuto, R. Salinas, J. A. Kennea, S. E. Motta, P. A. Woudt, J. H. Matthews, T. D. Russell

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Over the past decade, observations of relativistic outflows from outbursting X-ray binaries in the Galactic field have grown significantly. In this work, we present the first detection of moving and decelerating radio-emitting outflows from an X-ray binary in a globular cluster. MAXI J1848-015 is a recently discovered transient X-ray binary in the direction of the globular cluster GLIMPSE-C01. Using observations from the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array, and a monitoring campaign with the MeerKAT observatory for 500 days, we model the motion of the outflows. This represents some of the most intensive, long-term coverage of relativistically moving X-ray binary outflows to date. We use the proper motions of the outflows from MAXI J1848-015 to constrain the component of the intrinsic jet speed along the line of sight, ${\beta }_{\mathrm{int}}\cos {\theta }_{\mathrm{ejection}}$ , to be =0.19 ± 0.02. Assuming it is located in GLIMPSE-C01, at 3.4 kpc, we determine the intrinsic jet speed, β int = 0.79 ± 0.07, and the inclination angle to the line of sight, θ ejection = 76° ± 2°. This makes the outflows from MAXI J1848-015 somewhat slower than those seen from many other known X-ray binaries. We also constrain the maximum distance to MAXI J1848-015 to be 4.3 kpc. Finally, we discuss the implications of our findings for the nature of the compact object in this system, finding that a black hole primary is a viable (but as-of-yet unconfirmed) explanation for the observed properties of MAXI J1848-015. If future data and/or analysis provide more conclusive evidence that MAXI J1848-015 indeed hosts a black hole, it would be the first black hole X-ray binary in outburst identified in a Galactic globular cluster....
Original languageEnglish
Article numberL7
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Early online date28 Apr 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2023


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