Mechanical and thermal properties of novel lightweight concrete mixtures containing recycled glass and metakaolin

Adnan Al-Sibahy, Rodger Edwards

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The aim of this study was to investigate the behaviour of a new type of lightweight concrete which would be suitable for use as a load-bearing concrete masonry unit. Different ratios of by-product materials which consist of metakaolin (MK) and recycled glass were used in conjunction with expanded clay to produce the lightweight concrete mixtures. The short and long-term mechanical properties and thermal criteria were measured using a total of 208 specimens with different geometries. Some statistical analysis was conducted and the obtained results were compared with the standard expressions. The tests results showed that it is possible to produce a structural lightweight concrete possessing good thermal properties using by-product materials. Compressive and splitting tensile strengths, as well as the modulus of elasticity, increased with an increase in the metakaolin content, whilst a counteractive behaviour was recorded for the density. Clear improvements in thermal conductivity and insulation criteria were observed in comparison with conventional lightweight concrete mixtures. The measured thermal conductivity values ranged from 0.092 W/m K to 0.177 W/m K, and the insulation criterion reached up to 110.25 min for 29 mm concrete member thickness. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)157-167
    Number of pages10
    JournalConstruction and Building Materials
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012


    • Expanded clay
    • Lightweight concrete
    • Mechanical behaviour
    • Metakaolin
    • Recycled glass
    • Thermal behaviour


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