Mechanical behavior of post-restored upper canine teeth: A 3D FE analysis

Pietro Ausiello, Pasquale Franciosa, Massimo Martorelli, David C. Watts

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Objectives: The aim was to evaluate the stress distribution, comparing an anterior sound tooth with post-endodontic restored teeth under mechanical loading. Methods: A three-dimensional finite element analysis was performed based on micro-CT scan images of a maxillary canine. Twelve models with different crown properties and post-configurations were simulated. The model of the maxillary sound canine was also created and investigated. A load of 50 N was applied at a 63° angle with respect to the longitudinal axis of the tooth on the palatal surface of the crown. Principal stresses were registered. Numerical FEA results were statistically analyzed to show the influence of post shape and crown materials. Results: All analyzed models (M1-M12) exhibited a high stress gradient, due to different material stiffnesses present at the various interfaces. The most uniform mechanical behavior of the investigated models, very similar to sound tooth, was the combination of a composite crown and a cylindrical or conical fiber-glass post. Significance: The results of this study facilitate informed clinical choice between possible material combinations in restorative procedures of endodontically treated anterior teeth. © 2011 Academy of Dental Materials.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1285-1294
    Number of pages9
    JournalDental Materials
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011


    • Canine teeth
    • Dental crown
    • Fiber-post
    • Finite element analysis
    • Mechanical behavior
    • Stress distribution


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