Mechanical characterization of millimetric agarose spheres using a resonant technique

J. Yescas, P. Mandal, J. Sinha, R. Snook, J. Hawkes, P. Moreno Garibaldi, R. Carrera-Espinoza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Downloads (Pure)


This paper presents a methodology for the mechanical characterization of agarose millimetric spheres using resonant principles. Detection of the modes of vibration was conducted using a low-cost experimental setup based on an electret microphone adapted with a thin latex elastic membrane for the sensing stage and a piezoelectric actuator driven by a conventional transformer for the excitation stage. The identification of vibration modes is supported through an ANSYS Finite Element model of the experimental setup. Experimental and numerical results demonstrate that two modes of vibration, known as Quadrupole and Octupole, appear in the amplitude spectrum and can be used to obtain stiffness values for the samples. Following this approach, Young’s modulus of 209 ± 19.80, 338 ± 35.30 and 646 ± 109 kPa for 2%, 3% and 4% agarose millimetric spheres were calculated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-233
Number of pages17
JournalArchives of Mechanics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • 3D scaffolds
  • Agarose spheres
  • Bulk mechanical properties
  • Resonance experiment
  • Tissue engineering
  • Young’s modulus


Dive into the research topics of 'Mechanical characterization of millimetric agarose spheres using a resonant technique'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this