Mechanical properties of coated superelastic archwires in conventional and self-ligating orthodontic brackets

Firas Elayyan, Nick Silikas, David Bearn

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    Abstract

    Introduction: Coated archwires have been introduced to improve esthetics during orthodontic treatment. Our aim was to investigate the mechanical properties of coated superelastic archwires compared with conventional superelastic archwires with conventional and self-ligating brackets. Methods: Four types of orthodontic archwires were investigated, 2 superelastic nickel-titanium and 2 coated Ultraesthetic archwires in 0.016-in and 0.018 × 0.025-in dimensions (all from G&H Wire, Greenwood, Ind). To achieve the same nominal size, the coated archwire is constructed from a smaller archwire that, when coated, reaches the nominal dimensions stated for the archwire. Conventional edgewise Orthos and Damon 2 self-ligating brackets (both from Ormco, Orange, Calif) were used with each wire. All specimens were tested in a universal testing machine in a 3-point bending test at a speed of 1 mm per minute and deflected for 2 mm. Loading and unloading forces were recorded and load-deflection curves plotted. Results: Coated superelastic wires produced statistically significantly lower forces in loading and unloading when compared with the superelastic nickel-titanium wires at most archwire deflections (P
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)213-217
    Number of pages4
    JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
    Volume137
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010

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