Memory for single items, word pairs, and temporal order of different kinds in a patient with selective hippocampal lesions

A. R. Mayes, C. L. Isaac, J. S. Holdstock, N. M. Hunkin, D. Montaldi, J. J. Downes, C. MacDonald, E. Cezayirli, J. N. Roberts

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    One kind of between-list and two kinds of within-list temporal order memory were examined in a patient with selective bilateral hippocampal lesions. This damage disrupted memory for all three kinds of temporal order memory, but left item and word pair recognition relatively intact. These findings are inconsistent with claims that (1) hippocampal lesions, like those of the medial temporal lobe (MTL) cortex, disrupt item and word pair recognition, and that (2) hippocampal lesions disrupt temporal order memory and item recognition to the same degree. Not only was word pair recognition intact in the patient, but further evidence indicates that her recognition of other associations between items of the same kind is also spared so retrieval of such associations cannot be sufficient to support within-list temporal order recognition. Rather, as other evidence indicates that the patient is impaired at recognition of associations between different kinds of information, within-list (and possibly between-list) temporal order memory may be impaired by hippocampal lesions because it critically depends on retrieving associations between different kinds of information.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)97-123
    Number of pages26
    JournalCognitive Neuropsychology
    Volume18
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2001

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