Methane and carbon dioxide fluxes and their regional scalability for the European Arctic wetlands during the MAMM project in summer 2012

S. J. O'Shea, Grant Allen, M. W. Gallagher, Keith Bower, S. M. Illingworth, J. B. A. Muller, B. Jones, Carl Percival, S. J-B Bauguitte, M. Cain, N. Warwick, A. Quiquet, U. Skiba, J. Drewer, K. Dinsmore, E. G. Nisbet, D. Lowry, R. E. Fisher, J. L. France, M. AurelaA. Lohila, G. Hayman, C. George, D. Clark, A. J. Manning, A. D. Friend, J. Pyle

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Airborne and ground-based measurements of methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2) and boundary layer thermodynamics were recorded over the Fennoscandian wetlands in July 2012 as part of the MAMM (Methane and other greenhouse gases in the Arctic – Measurements, process studies and Modelling) field campaign. Employing these airborne measurements and a~simple boundary layer box model, net regional scale (~100 km) fluxes were calculated to be 1.2 ± 0.5 mg CH4 h−1 m−2 and −350 ± 143 mg CO2 h−1 m−2. These airborne fluxes were found to be relatively consistent with seasonally-averaged surface chamber (1.3 ± 1.0 mg CH4 h−1 m−2) and eddy covariance (1.3 ± 0.3 mg CH4 h−1 m−2 and −309 ± 306 mg CO2 h−1 m−2) flux measurements in the local area. The internal consistency of the aircraft-derived fluxes across a wide swath of Fennoscandia coupled with an excellent statistical comparison with local seasonally-averaged ground-based measurements demonstrates the potential scalability of such localised measurements to regional scale representivity. Comparisons were also made to longer term regional CH4 climatologies from the JULES (Joint UK Land Environment Simulator) and Hybrid8 land surface models within the area of the MAMM campaign. The average hourly emission flux output for the summer period (July–August) across the years 1980 to 2010 was 0.054 mg CH4 h−1 m−2 (minimum 0.0 and maximum 0.38 mg CH4 h−1 m−2) for the JULES model and 0.073 mg CH4 h−1 m−2 (minimum −0.0018 and maximum 4.62 mg CH4 h−1 m−2) for Hybrid8. Based on these observations both models were found to significantly underestimate the CH4 emission flux in this region, which was linked to the under prediction of the wetland extents generated by the models.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)8455-8494
    Number of pages39
    JournalAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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