Microbial elicitors induce activation and dual phosphorylation of the Arabidopsis thaliana MAPK 6

Thomas S. Nühse, Scott C. Peck, Heribert Hirt, Thomas Boller

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Protein kinases related to the family of mitogen-activated kinases (MAPKs) have been established as signal transduction components in a variety of processes in plants. For Arabidopsis thaliana, however, although one of the genetically best studied plant species, biochemical data on activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases are lacking. A. thaliana MAPK 6 (AtMPK6) is the Arabidopsis orthologue of a tobacco MAPK termed salicylate-induced protein kinase, which is activated by general and race-specific elicitors as well as by physical stress. Using a C terminus-specific antibody, we show that AtMPK6 is activated in elicitor-treated cell cultures of A. thaliana. Four different elicitors from bacteria, fungi, and plants lead to a rapid and transient activation of AtMPK6, indicating a conserved signaling pathway. The induction was equally rapid as medium alkalinization, one of the earliest elicitor response observed in cell cultures. A similarly rapid activation of AtMPK6 was observed in elicitor-treated leaf strips, demonstrating that recognition of the elicitors and activation of the MAPK pathway occurs also in intact plants. We demonstrate by in vivo labeling that AtMPK6 is phosphorylated on threonine and tyrosine residues in elicited cells.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)7521-7526
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
    Issue number11
    Publication statusPublished - 17 Mar 2000


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