Microformal geometry and homotopy algebras

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    We extend the category of (super)manifolds and their smooth mappings by introducing a notion of microformal or ``thick'' morphisms. They are formal canonical relations of a special form, constructed with the help of formal power expansions in cotangent directions. The result is a formal category so that its composition law is also specified by a formal power series. A microformal morphism acts on functions by an operation of pullback, which is in general a nonlinear transformation. More precisely, it is a formal mapping of formal manifolds of even functions (bosonic fields), which has the property that its derivative for every function is a ring homomorphism. This suggests an abstract notion of a ``nonlinear algebra homomorphism'' and the corresponding extension of the classical ``algebraic-functional'' duality. There is a parallel fermionic version.

    The obtained formalism provides a general construction of $L_{\infty}$-morphisms for functions on homotopy Poisson ($P_{\infty}$-) or homotopy Schouten ($S_{\infty}$-) manifolds as pullbacks by Poisson microformal morphisms. We also show that the notion of the adjoint can be generalized to nonlinear operators as a microformal morphism. By applying this to $L_{\infty}$-algebroids, we show that an $L_{\infty}$-morphism of $L_{\infty}$-algebroids induces an $L_{\infty}$-morphism of the "homotopy Lie--Poisson" brackets for functions on the dual vector bundles. We apply this construction to higher Koszul brackets on differential forms and to triangular $L_{\infty}$-bialgebroids. We also develop a quantum version (for the bosonic case), whose relation with the classical version is like that of the Schr\"odinger equation with the Hamilton--Jacobi equation. We show that the nonlinear pullbacks by microformal morphisms are the limits at $\hbar\to 0$ of certain ``quantum pullbacks'', which are defined as special form Fourier integral operators.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)88-129
    Number of pages42
    JournalProceedings of the Steklov Institute of Mathematics
    Issue number1
    Early online date3 Jan 2019
    Publication statusPublished - 2019


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