miRNA-155 controls mast cell activation by regulating the PI3Kγ pathway and anaphylaxis in a mouse model.

K Biethahn, Z Orinska, E Vigorito, D A Goyeneche-Patino, F Mirghomizadeh, N Föger, S Bulfone-Paus

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: Mast cells (MCs) play a central role in allergic and inflammatory disorders by rapid degranulation and release of inflammatory mediators upon antigen-driven engagement of the FcεRI. Receptor-mediated MC responses are controlled by the activation of different isoforms of phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K) and the downstream signaling processes. Recent evidence suggests that miRNAs are important molecular players regulating the PI3K/Akt pathway. METHODS: The role of miR-155 in the regulation of MC functions in vivo was studied in the passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) MC-dependent model. WT and miR-155(-/-) mice were injected intradermally with anti-DNP-IgE and intravenously with the antigen DNP-HSA. Ear swelling was assessed to evaluate the anaphylactic response. All investigations, to characterize miR-155 specific activities in MCs, were conducted comparing WT and miR-155(-/-) bone marrow-derived MCs (BMMCs). RESULTS: We report that miR-155(-/-) mice display enhanced anaphylaxis reactions. Although miR-155(-/-) BMMCs show normal development, proliferation, and survival, miR-155 deficiency enhances FcεRI-mediated degranulation and release of TNF-α, IL-13, and IL-6. Interestingly, the level of Akt phosphorylation on both of its regulatory residues Thr308 and Ser473 was increased in miR-155(-/-) compared to WT BMMCs. Gene expression profiling showed that miR-155(-/-) BMMCs exhibited significantly increased expression of the adapter PI3Kγ subunits Pik3r5 (p101) and Pik3r6 (p84, p87(PIKAP) ). Furthermore, selective blockade of the PI3Kγ pathway inhibited degranulation in miR-155(-/-) BMMCs. CONCLUSIONS: Thus, we suggest that miR-155 plays a critical role in FcεRI-mediated MC responses by modulating components of the PI3Kγ pathway. This newly identified mechanism of miRNA-controlled MC activation may affect the initiation and maintenance of allergic disorders.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalAllergy
    Volume69
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014

    Keywords

    • allergy
    • anaphylaxis
    • mast cell degranulation
    • mast cells
    • miRNA

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