In pressure die casting, the thermal loads, injection pressure and clamping forces cause the individual blocks of a die to deform. This deformation results in gaps between the interface surfaces which, if big enough and in the vicinity of the cavity, permit material to seep into the gaps, causing flash. This paper describes a thermoelastic model to predict the deformation of the die so that it can be machined to prevent flash. The model is based on the boundary element method and allows the use of linear isoparametric or quadratic subparametric elements. Each die block is analysed as a separate problem. To avoid the occurrence of flash, the model suggests the amounts that should be machined from each die block. The predicted deformation has been experimentally verified by measuring the profile of a test die using displacement transducers and die impressions. It is shown that there is good agreement between the predicted and experimental results for different operating conditions. By machining the amounts suggested by the model, the test die was run without flash at operating conditions that had previously resulted in flash.
|Number of pages||19|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1998|
- Boundary elements
- Die deformation
- Pressure die casting