Modelling the spinning dust emission from LDN 1780

Matias Vidal, Clive Dickinson, S. E. Harper, Simon Casassus, A. N. Witt

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    We study the anomalous microwave emission (AME) in the Lynds Dark Nebula (LDN) 1780 on two angular scales. Using available ancillary data at an angular resolution of 1 degree, we construct an SED between 0.408 GHz to 2997 GHz. We show that there is a significant amount of AME at these angular scales and the excess is compatible with a physical spinning dust model. We find that LDN 1780 is one of the clearest examples of AME on 1 degree scales. We detected AME with a significance > 20$\sigma$. We also find at these angular scales that the location of the peak of the emission at frequencies between 23-70 GHz differs from the one on the 90-3000 GHz map. In order to investigate the origin of the AME in this cloud, we use data obtained with the Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy (CARMA) that provides 2 arcmin resolution at 30 GHz. We study the connection between the radio and IR emissions using morphological correlations. The best correlation is found to be with MIPS 70$\mu$m, which traces warm dust (T$\sim$50K). Finally, we study the difference in radio emissivity between two locations within the cloud. We measured a factor $\approx 6$ of difference in 30 GHz emissivity. We show that this variation can be explained, using the spinning dust model, by a variation on the dust grain size distribution across the cloud, particularly changing the carbon fraction and hence the amount of PAHs.
    Original languageUndefined
    JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
    Publication statusPublished - 22 Jan 2019


    • astro-ph.GA

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