Modern concepts concerning the origin of the heartbeat

Oliver Monfredi, Victor A. Maltsev, Edward G. Lakatta

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Physiological processes governing the heart beat have been under investigation for several hundred years. Major advances have been made in the recent past. A review of the present paradigm is presented here, including a look back at important steps that led us to where we are today, alongside a glimpse into the exciting future of pacemaker research. © 2013 Int. Union Physiol. Sci./Am. Physiol. Soc.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)74-92
    Number of pages18
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2013


    • Animals
    • Biological Clocks/*physiology
    • Heart/*physiology
    • Heart Rate/*physiology
    • Humans


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