More-than-human infrastructural violence and more-than-human infrastructural justice: A case study of the Chad-Cameroon Pipeline Project

Charis Enns, Adam Sneyd

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As a new wave of infrastructure expansion takes place globally, there has been a parallel turn to infrastructure in geographical research. This article responds to recent calls within this research for less human-centred engagement with the infrastructure turn. More specifically, this article aims to destablise anthropocentric discussions about infrastructural violence and infrastructural justice. Using the Chad-Cameroon Pipeline Project as a case study, we advance two main points. First, we show that infrastructural violence is not always directed at humans. Rather, all agents, objects, and conditions – from humans to fish to carbon sequestration – entangled in webs of relations within zones of infrastructural expansion risk being subjected to violence when new and existing infrastructures meet. To illustrate this point, we detail two examples of competitions between new and existing infrastructures along the Chad-Cameroon Pipeline route, which together reveal the various forms of violence experienced by the more-than-human world when new infrastructural arrangements are layered on top of already existing ones. Second, we advance debates on infrastructural justice by adopting a more-than-human perspective in our conceptualization of this term. Recent writing on infrastructural justice has reflected on efforts to repair and rebuild infrastructures to produce more just futures (Sheller 2018). Drawing on the observations and reflections of our fieldwork along the Chad-Cameroon Pipeline route, we argue that just infrastructure projects must not only be inclusive of marginalized human and nonhuman
populations, but they must also avoid interfering with the infrastructural work done by nature to sustain the more-than-human world.
Original languageEnglish
Article number0
Pages (from-to)0
JournalAnnals of the Association of American Geographers
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jul 2020

Research Beacons, Institutes and Platforms

  • Global Development Institute


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