Morphological, mechanical and biological assessment of PCL/pristine graphene scaffolds for bone regeneration

Weiguang Wang, WEI-HUNG CHIANG , Guilherme Caetano, ANA LETÍCIA BRAZ , Jonny Blaker, MARCO ANDREY CIPRIANI FRADE, Paulo Jorge Da Silva Bartolo

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Scaffolds are physical substrates for cell attachment, proliferation, and differentiation, ultimately leading to the regeneration of tissues. They must be designed according to specific biomechanical requirements such as mechani-cal properties, surface characteristics, biodegradability, biocompatibility, and porosity. The optimal design of a scaffold for a specific tissue strongly depends on both materials and manufacturing processes. Polymeric scaffolds reinforced with electro-active particles could play a key role in tissue engineering by modulating cell proliferation and differentia-tion. This paper investigates the use of an extrusion additive manufacturing system to produce PCL/pristine graphene scaffolds for bone tissue applications. PCL/pristine graphene blends were prepared using a melt blending process. Scaffolds with regular and reproducible architecture were produced with different concentrations of pristine graphene. Scaffolds were evaluated from morphological, mechanical, and biological view. The results suggest that the addition of pristine graphene improves the mechanical performance of the scaffolds, reduces the hydrophobicity, and improves cell viability and proliferation.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalInternational Journal of Bioprinting
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2016


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