MPL W515L expression induces TGFβ secretion and leads to an increase in chemokinesis via phosphorylation of THOC5

Anthony D Whetton, Norhaida Che Azmi, Stella Pearson, Ewa Jaworska, Liqun Zhang, Rognvald Blance, Alexandra C Kendall, Anna Nicolaou, Samuel Taylor, Andrew J K Williamson, Andrew Pierce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The thrombopoietin receptor (MPL) has been shown to be mutated (MPL W515L) in myelofibrosis and thrombocytosis yet new approaches to treat this disorder are still required. We have previously shown that transcriptome and proteomic effects do not correlate well in oncogene-mediated leukemogenesis. We therefore investigated the effects of MPL W515L using proteomics. The consequences of MPL W515L expression on over 3300 nuclear and 3500 cytoplasmic proteins were assessed using relative quantification mass spectrometry. We demonstrate that MPL W515L expression markedly modulates the CXCL12/CXCR4/CD45 pathway associated with stem and progenitor cell chemotactic movement. We also demonstrated that MPL W515L expressing cells displayed increased chemokinesis which required the MPL W515Lmediated disregulation of MYC expression via phosphorylation of the RNA transport protein THOC5 on tyrosine 225. In addition MPL W515L expression induced TGFβ secretion which is linked to sphingosine 1-phosphate production and the increased chemokinesis. These studies identify several pathways which offer potential targets for therapeutic intervention in the treatment of MPL W515L-driven malignancy. We validate our approach by showing that CD34+ cells from MPL W515L positive patients display increased chemokinesis and that treatment with a combination of MYC and sphingosine kinase inhibitors leads to the preferential killing of MPL W515L expressing cells.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10739-55
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 23 Feb 2016


  • MPLW515L, chemokinesis, THOC5, MYC, S1P


Dive into the research topics of 'MPL W515L expression induces TGFβ secretion and leads to an increase in chemokinesis via phosphorylation of THOC5'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this