Multilevel Analysis of Industrial Clusters: Actors, Intentions and Randomness (AIR) Model

O. Dilaveran, E. Uyarra, M. Bleda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The literature on industrial clusters indicates a symbiotic relationship between innovation and geographical concentration of firms working in similar industries. Innovative processes require different forms of knowledge and expertise, which are distributed across individuals and organisations at different levels of industrial clusters. In this chapter, we present fundamental extensions to the SKIN model for representing such multi-level interactions. We introduce individual actors in addition to firms as agents. These agents are placed in a two-regions environment that simulates evolution of two competing regions. We also integrate elements of intentionality in addition to randomness in our model. Through subjective assessments of their managers, firms investigate and design research projects. These extensions help to open up the black box of the firm and relate firms to the creative agency of individuals in starting up new firms, establishing their research objectives and creating new knowledge. Within this broad range of issues we focus in this chapter on the role of entrepreneurship to illustrate how the extended model can be used. In experiments focusing on entrepreneurship, we generate the relative success of Silicon Valley in comparison to Boston in silico.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSimulating the Knowledge Dynamics of Innovation Networks
EditorsNigel Gilbert, Petra Ahrweiler, Andreas Pyka
Place of PublicationHeidelberg
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages25
ISBN (Electronic)9783662435083
ISBN (Print)9783662435076, 9783662511480
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jul 2014

Publication series

NameUnderstanding Complex Systems
ISSN (Print)1860-0832
ISSN (Electronic)1860-0840


  • Industrial District
  • Entrepreneurial Opportunity
  • Industrial Cluster
  • Innovation Network
  • Knowledge Requirement


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