Multiscale modelling of solidification microstructures, including microsegregation and microporosity, in an Al-Si-Cu alloy

P. D. Lee, A. Chirazi, R. C. Atwood, W. Wang

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

    Abstract

    Phase transition phenomena in metallic alloys involve complex physical processes occurring over a wide range of temporal, spatial and energy scales. Multiscale modelling is a powerful methodology for understanding these complex systems. In this paper, a multiscale model of grain and pore formation is presented during solidification. At the microscale, a combined stochastic-deterministic approach based on the cellular automata method is used to solve multicomponent diffusion in a three-phase system (liquid, solid and gas), simulating the nucleation and growth of both grains and pores. The impingement of the growing pores upon the developing solid is also solved to predict the tortuous shape of the porosity, a critical factor for fatigue properties. The micromodel is coupled with a finite element method (FEM) solution of the macroscale heat transfer and fluid flow in industrial castings through the temperature and pressure fields. The result model was used to investigate the influence of local solidification time, hydrogen content, local metallostatic pressure and alloy composition upon the predicted grain structure and pore morphology. Comparison of the model predictions to both laboratory and industrial scale castings are presented. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rigths reserved.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationMaterials Science and Engineering A|Mater. Sci. Eng. A
    Pages57-65
    Number of pages8
    Volume365
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2004

    Keywords

    • Aluminium
    • Defects
    • Multiscale modelling
    • Porosity
    • Solidification

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