Mutual diffusion in concentrated liquid solutions: A new model based on cluster theory

Amin Kamgar, Ali Bakhtyari, Sajjad Mohsenpour, Carmine D'Agostino, Geoff D. Moggridge, Mohammad Reza Rahimpour

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    In dilute solutions, diffusion is dominated by motion of single molecules. Conversely, in non-ideal concentrated solutions, mass transfer by diffusion can be heavily influenced by molecular clustering. Cluster theory in concentrated solutions can be approached using the Cussler model, which has been used to explain experimental mutual diffusion data in highly concentrated solutions. In this work, using the Cussler model and the critical point theory as a starting point, a new model for predictions of mutual diffusion coefficients in binary mixtures over the whole composition range was developed. The model is based on modifications of the concentration correlation function and explains well the experimental mutual diffusion data and their dependence on composition and activity coefficients. The model does not require any knowledge of intra-diffusion coefficients and can be used to predict mutual diffusion coefficients over the whole composition range.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)516-521
    JournalJournal of Molecular Liquids
    Early online date21 Feb 2017
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2017


    • Diffusion
    • Cussler equation
    • Cluster theory
    • Concentrated solution
    • Thermodynamics


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