Myeloid surface antigen-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (My+ ALL): immunophenotypic, ultrastructural, cytogenetic, and molecular characteristics.

C Childs, C Hirsch-Ginsberg, R Walters, B Andersson, J Reuben, J Trujillo, A Cork, S Stass, E Freireich, T Zipf

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    Leukemic blasts from 40 consecutively admitted adults with untreated acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) were examined for myeloid surface antigen expression. Of these, 14 (35%) were reactive with one or more myeloid monoclonal antibodies. Each example of myeloid surface antigen-positive (My+ ALL) met the standard morphologic and cytochemical criteria for ALL. In addition, none of the 13 samples studied for ultrastructural evidence of myeloperoxidase met the criteria for acute myelocytic leukemia (AML). All patient samples reacted with lymphoid monoclonal antibodies: CD10+ (8 patients), CD19+ CD10- (2 patients), T cell+ (2 patients), and T cell+ CD10+ (2 patients). Coexpression of myeloid and lymphoid determinants was established by two-color immunofluorescence studies using flow cytometry in five of five samples analyzed. Cytogenetic abnormalities that have been associated with myeloid and mixed leukemias were common, including t(9;22), 7q-, abnormalities of 11q with or without a translocation, 20q-, and -5. Blasts from seven patients were studied at the molecular level. Immunoglobulin heavy chain gene rearrangements were detected in five of five samples with B cell+ T cell- phenotypes. One sample that was T cell+ CD10+ was germline for the immunoglobulin heavy chain and the T cell receptor gamma- and beta-chain genes. The other patient with T cell+ CD10+ blasts relapsed with AML following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. The leukemia cells at the time of diagnosis and the cells at relapse demonstrated similar cytogenetics and the same immunoglobulin gene rearrangement, suggesting a clonal relationship. As a group, the My+ ALL patients had a significantly decreased complete remission rate when compared to My- ALL patients. Further studies at the molecular level will be required to determine the significance of karyotype abnormalities in My+ ALL.
    Original languageEnglish
    Volume3( 11)
    Publication statusPublished - 1989


    • Adolescent
    • Adult
    • Aged
    • analysis: Antigens, Surface
    • Chromosome Aberrations
    • Gene Rearrangement, T-Lymphocyte
    • Humans
    • Middle Aged
    • Phenotype
    • genetics: Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma


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